LG002: Logging Northern California

Logging
Two men pose with a downed redwood tree in a Northern California forest in 1907.
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SSA1052: Yukon Sternwheelers WHITEHORSE and CASCA – 1972

The Yukon Territory riverboats
The Yukon Territory riverboats CASCA & WHITEHORSE sit on dry land at the shipyard of their birth in Whitehorse, Yukon Territory in September 1972.

The 180-foot wooden sternwheeler CASCA (the third with that name) was built in 1936-37 for the British Yukon Navigation Company with parts of her pre-fabricated at Vancouver BC and then shipped to Whitehorse for assembly. She had a 36.5-foot beam, & a gross tonnage of 1,033 tons. She was licensed for 180 passengers & fondly described as the “plushest ship on the upper river.”

The older wooden sternwheeler WHITEHORSE was built in 1901 at Whitehorse and was originally “WHITE HORSE.” She was 167 feet with a 34.5-foot beam. Her gross tonnage was 986 tons with two decks. Taking only 43 days to build, the ship was launched on May 29, 1901.

In her 54 years service on the river, she endured accidents, modifications and even a new 171-foot hull in 1930.

Demand for the sternwheelers, in general, had diminished in the 1950’s & the CASCA was withdrawn from service in 1952, the WHITEHORSE in 1955. They were drydocked at the Whitehorse shipyard as seen in the photo.

In 1960, the ships were sold to the Government of Canada but little was done with the ships until 1973 when efforts were begun to renovate & restore the ships as historical or museum pieces.

As work continued on the ships, on June 20, 1974, smoke was seen billowing from the CASCA. In short order, both the CASCA & WHITEHORSE became engulfed in a raging fire that rapidly consumed both ships. Firefighters arrived & valiantly fought the fire but the aged, dry wood & fresh paint made the effort pointless. The fire became so hot it forced firefighters & onlookers to withdraw & the ships were consumed by the fire. Afterwards, only twisted metal remained.

With the loss of the ships, only two sternwheelers remain on display in the Yukon from an era that was rife with them. The sternwheeler KLONDIKE is a museum ship at Whitehorse & the KENO at Dawson City.

AST03: Astoria, OR Commercial St. – 1919

Commercial St. in Astoria Oregon, March 1919
This is a rare view of Commercial Street in Astoria, Oregon looking eastward in March 1919.

A good deal of the buildings and streets were built on piers above the water. A devastating fire broke out in a restaurant in the business district on December 8, 1922, and consumed the entire district wiping it out. Everything seen in this photograph was completely destroyed by the fire.

CV037: Crawfordsville, OR Covered Bridge – 1977

This is the Crawfordsville Covered Bridge over the Calapooya River near Crawfordsville, Oregon in October 1977.

The 105 foot Howe truss bridge was built in 1932 and in service until it was bypassed with a concrete span in 1963. The state relinquished control of the bridge on October 10, 1963, closed it to motor traffic & turned it over to Linn County.

Little maintenance had been kept on the bridge until 1976, when Hollywood came calling using the bridge in a film titled “The Flood.” The bridge was painted for the film but little else was done.

In 1986, weeds and brush were overtaking the bridge & volunteers from the Covered Bridge Society of Oregon volunteered their time to clean up the span & area. 1987 brought more materials & labor to renovate the bridge.

The flood of 1996 severely damaged the bridge when debris damaged side skirting & a floor beam. The Oregon Covered Bridge program provided the county a grant for $24,400 to repair & repaint the bridge.

The bridge still stands and is open as a pedestrian bridge.

LS380: DALLES CITY Sternwheeler @ Rooster Rock, OR c1905

This image shows the sternwheeler DALLES CITY in the lagoon at Rooster Rock, Oregon (Columbia River Gorge) moving away from the salmon cannery and turning out toward the Columbia River circa 1905.

Almost exactly 100 years earlier, Lewis and Clark made camp here. The cannery continued into the 1930’s when it was finally shut down. There is no trace of where the cannery stood today.

The DALLES CITY sternwheeler was a ship owned by The Dalles, Portland, and Astoria Navigation Company (also known as the Regulator Line). The ship was originally built in 1891 with a length of 142 feet and 402 tons. She was rebuilt in 1910, adding nine feet to her length but dropping in weight to 345 tons. The ship was renamed in 1920 to DIAMOND O and continued to run until 1935 when she was abandoned.